You’ve likely heard of the color indigo, but what do you know about it? What is indigo color? According to the visible color spectrum, indigo is one of the seven colors of the classic rainbow, but that’s pretty much where knowledge stops for most. So, today we’ll deep dive into everything there is to know about this most mysterious of hues, including the indigo color meaning, indigo color code, indigo color palette, and much more.
Table of Contents
Indigo: a color of the rainbow
Let’s throw it back to elementary school for a minute. Remember ROY-G-BIV? It’s a clever acronym that stands for the colors of the rainbow in order: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. But in some quarters, it seems that indigo has disappeared from the rainbow of late. So, why was indigo originally included in the rainbow? In 1655, Sir Isaac Newton started experimenting with prisms and explored how light passed through them at certain angles to form different colors. The seven colors he named became the official colors of the rainbow.
Did he actually see indigo? The light humans see are wavelengths from the visible light spectrum, originating from the sun. The human eye doesn’t readily differentiate hues in the wavelengths between what’s now called blue and violet. Some say he only saw six colors but decided that there must be one more to make it a total of seven. On a spiritual and mystical level, the number seven had more significance. At the time there were seven planets, seven notes on the musical scale, and seven days in a week. He chose to include indigo as the seventh color. A popular blue color dye called the Indigo Dye had been newly imported from the Indies that may have influenced his decision.
Why is it called indigo?
Indigo got its name from a plant discovered in the Indus Valley about 5,000 years ago. The indigo plant was called nila, meaning dark blue. By the 7th century B.C, people began using the plant as a deep blue dye. The Mesopotamians, for example, carved out recipes for making indigo dye into clay tablets. By the late 1200s, news of the popular blue dye made its way to Europe by way of Venitian merchant traveler, Marco Polo. By the 1600s, indigo grew in high demand across Europe and America, famed for its blue violet allure.
The history of indigo color
The story of indigo took an interesting turn in the late 1700s, as British demand started to decline and the American War for Independence began in 1775. The British began trading indigo once again by making the dye in India and unfortunately heavily exploiting Indian workers throughout the process. The maltreatment of the dye workers sparked revolts and riots in the 1860s, to the point where Mahatma Gandhi’s first act of peaceful civil disobedience was in support of the indigo workers. He even went to court to fight on their behalf for better wages and improved working conditions.
On the other side of the world, love for indigo continued to grow. Americans used it to make work shorts with indigo blue collars that showed less dirt and stains than white collars. In 1873, Jacob Davis and Levis Straus used indigo dye to make their now famous denim blue jeans in San Francisco. Today, the ajna chakra, or “Third Eye”, is associated with the color indigo (although not all systems of yoga agree with this color schematic).
Indigo color meaning
Indigo is rich in aesthetics and in meaning. In terms of color meaning, indigo is quite spiritual and mysterious in its symbolism. It’s the color of devotion, justice, creativity, dignity, and wisdom. Indigo is used in various cultures and celebrations including the vibrant Holi festival.
Indigo color codes
Let’s take a look at some of the technical color information and color code breakdowns for Indigo:
Indigo – RGB (Red Green Blue) color space
- Hex #4B0082
- Composed of 29.4% red, 0% green and 51% blue
- RGB values of R: 29.4, G: 0, B: 51
- Closest websafe color is: #330099
Indigo – CMYK (Cyan Magenta Yellow Black) color space
- Composed of 42% cyan, 100% magenta, 0% yellow and 49% black
- CMYK values of C: 0.42, M: 1, Y: 0, K:0.49
- Decimal value is 4915330
Indigo – hue angle
- 274.6 degrees
- Saturation of 100%
- Lightness of 25.5%
Indigo – colors related to indigo
How to make indigo color
If you’re wondering how to make indigo color, it’s quite simple. The primary colors that combine to make indigo are red and blue. To make indigo, blue must be the dominant pigment in the equation. The exact equation to produce indigo is to mix one-third red and two-thirds blue.
Indigo color vs violet
Indigo is a deep and rich color in between blue and violet on the color spectrum, and it can be described as a dark purplish-blue. A Monochromatic color palette includes different shades or tint variations of the same hue. For Indigo color, the monochromatic color palette includes the following:
Indigo vs dark violet or #6500B0
Because you can never have too much of a good thing.
Indigo vs pure (or mostly pure) violet or #8000DE
An alluring combination, for sure.
Indigo vs vivid violet or #980DFF
For when you want to take it up a notch.
Indigo vs light violet or #AC3BFF
And if you want to show some restraint.
Indigo vs very light violet or #BF68FF
Or if your project requires a more deft touch.
Indigo color palette ideas
Ready to explore a detailed breakdown of indigo color theory? Let’s learn about indigo color palettes.
Complementary indigo colors:
Indigo compliments best with Siren (hex #82034b).
Split complementary indigo colors:
A split complementary scheme is composed of three colors. With Indigo, the other two complementing colors are anakiwa (hex #82ffff) and blueberry (hex #824bff).
Triadic indigo colors:
Triadic combinations are variants of the split complementary color scheme in which colors are found equally spaced on the color wheel. Indigo’s triadic components include tropical rain forest (hex #00824b) and cinnamon (hex #824b00).
Tetradic indigo colors:
A tetradic color scheme contains four colors that are equally spaced on the color wheel. Indigo’s tetradic color scheme includes cinnamon (hex #824b00), Japanese laurel (hex #108200), and navy blue (hex #001082).
Analogous indigo colors:
An analogous palette consists of three or more colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. For indigo, those colors are blueberry (hex #824bff) and pixie powder (hex #4b1382).
Indigo color alternatives:
Alternative colors are a set of related hues that can be useful if you need an alternative to your original color choice. For indigo, alternative colors include pigment indigo (hex #4e0385), kingfisher daisy (hex #510688), Windsor (hex #54098b), pigment indigo (hex #48007f), pigment indigo (hex #45007c), and pigment indigo (hex #420079).
Create indigo color edits using Picsart creative tools
From technical color breakdowns and codes to creative color palettes, you should have all the inspiration you need to create indigo-themed designs of your own. Follow these easy instructions and incorporate your new favorite color into designs using Picsart.
On the web
1. If you’re looking for an online editing tool, open the Picsart Create page. Start a new design by selecting a template size, such as Instagram Square.
2. Select the Color or Gradient tool above your blank canvas. The Color tool will provide a solid background color versus a gradient. Type the color indigo hex code #4B0082 in the search box underneath the color box and hit enter.
3. You can add to your design using Effects, Stickers, Text, and other tools shown on the left-hand side.
4. When you’re done with your indigo design click the Export button on the top right.
Editing on the go? No worries. Here’s how to do it using Picsart in-app.
1. Open the app and tap on the + symbol to start.
2. Scroll down to Color Backgrounds and choose Color Picker.
3. Input the code for indigo color.
4. Tap on the Text tool to add some copy.
5. Input your text and adjust the font, sizing, placement, and more.
6. Tap on the Stickers tool.
7. Add your stickers and tap on Next when you’re happy with the final design.
8. Tap on save or post.
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Indigo, found between blue and violet in the color wheel, is a natural pigment that comes from plants and is traditionally considered one of the 7 major spectral colors. The indigo hex code is #4B0082.What shade of color is indigo? ›
Indigo is a rich color between blue and violet on the visible spectrum, it's a dark purplish blue. Dark denim is indigo as is Indigo dye. It's a cool, deep color and also a natural one. True Indigo dye is extracted from tropical plants as a fermented leaf solution and mixed with lye, pressed into cakes and powdered.What colors go well with indigo? ›
- Yellow. A soft buttery yellow is a perfect match for indigo. ...
- Red. Red and blue is quite a traditional pairing and really reminds us of classic Americana, especially when white is added into the mix. ...
- Brown. Mixing indigo with brown creates a very calming atmosphere in any space. ...
- Orange. ...
- Green. ...
How to make indigo colour by mixing two colours? You can get the colour indigo by mixing blue and red. But blue and red if mixed equally creates the colour purple. So, while mixing you need to add one-third red colour and two-third blue colour.Is indigo different from violet? ›
So, what exactly is the color indigo? It's the color that sits between blue and violet in the visible spectrum, the 'I' of ROY G BIV (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet). It's toward the purple side of a rainbow.What color is Moon indigo? ›
The hexadecimal color code #22284f is a dark shade of blue. In the RGB color model #22284f is comprised of 13.33% red, 15.69% green and 30.98% blue. In the HSL color space #22284f has a hue of 232° (degrees), 40% saturation and 22% lightness.Are there different shades of indigo? ›
Indigo color comes in many shades. There are some subtle differences between them. Some shades are brighter, while others are softer.Is indigo no longer a color? ›
It is traditionally regarded as a color in the visible spectrum, as well as one of the seven colors of the rainbow: the color between blue and violet; however, sources differ as to its actual position in the electromagnetic spectrum. The first known recorded use of indigo as a color name in English was in 1289.Is indigo cool or warm? ›
Cold colours are: green, blue, indigo and violet. Warm colours are: red, orange and yellow.Does indigo go with GREY? ›
Calm, cool and relaxed, indigo works so well with a gray counterpart.
- Midnight Blue (#191970)
- Dark Purple (#871F78)
- Navy Blue (#000080)
- Dark Blue (#00008B)
- Yellow, red, and blue.
- Green, orange, and purple.
- Teal, magenta, and gold.
There are two main ways that fresh indigo leaves are processed. The first method is done by rubbing the leaves with salt and then adding the fabric, the second method is to blend the leaves with very cold water and then add your fibers to that solution.Is indigo a rare color? ›
Back in the 1800s, indigo was obtained naturally from a plant calledIndigofera. The leaves of it were fermented in water to obtain a natural indigo dye but now such natural process and color are rare.How do you get indigo pigment? ›
Natural indigo is obtained from a variety of plants, the most widely used one being indigofera tinctoria. This shrub grows wild and is cultivated in tropical areas throughout the world. Indigo powder - the famous blue dye - is extracted from the leaves of the indigo plant.Is indigo the same as cobalt blue? ›
Cobalt is a silvery-white mineral; indigo is a greenish plant extract. It is only through complex processing, requiring considerable technical knowledge, that both substances assume the brilliant blue hues beloved of ceramicists and textile artists the world over.Is indigo and navy blue the same color? ›
Is indigo the same as navy? Both indigo and navy can be considered as darker blues so there is a connection between them, however, indigo can be seen as a more contemporary blue and slightly lighter than navy, whilst navy is more traditional and somewhat darker than indigo.Is indigo and dark blue the same? ›
Indigo and navy are both a dark blue bordering on black, but one color name is associated with an eclectic style, while the other expresses a traditional style. We love it, whichever name it goes by. Indigo is a natural dye extracted from plants and has been around the world for centuries.What does the color indigo mean personality? ›
Indigo is a color related to devotion and helping others. It suggests fairness and impartiality. The color has a deep a quality that transmits wisdom and authority.What does Japanese indigo look like? ›
It has pale green occasionally pinkish stems and white or pink flowers which grow on elongated flower stems. The leaves are large narrow and pointed. Broad or rounded leaf Japanese Indigo. This is the variety most commonly grown in gardens, perhaps because it produces a profusion of pretty deep pink or white flowers.
Indigo is omitted because few people can differentiate the wavelengths well enough to see it as a separate color. The six-color spectrum also fits the model of the color wheel, with red, yellow, and blue being primary colors. Orange, green, and violet are secondary colors and are spaced between the primary colors.Is indigo a spiritual color? ›
Indigo is the color of wisdom and intuition. It represents an inner awareness of spirituality, and allows for deep focus during meditation. It gives an ability for planning the future, and brings about a love of rituals.Is indigo just blue? ›
Today, the color “indigo” refers to a blue-purple color that many people can't actually distinguish from blue or purple. Experts say that Newton only put indigo in the rainbow because he wanted seven colors, and indigo was an extremely valuable commodity at the time.What emotions does indigo evoke? ›
Let's talk about indigo
As a deeper, darker shade of blue, some might consider it contemplative or serious. Your mood ring color chart might call it deeply relaxed, happy, love struck or blissful.
Indigo dye is not blue.
Once the Indigo brew turns a bright jade green, artisans know it's ready for dyeing. The transformation is a magical process, the result of the harmony between the air, temperature, humidity and the plant itself. Each time, the color is unique.
The rich depth of the Indigo hue grants the gift of self knowledge, it is the color of the sixth Chakra, the inner eye and is symbolic of the inner mind, intuition. Intuition is the gateway to explore and learn about ourselves, our motives, ambitions and beliefs.Does indigo go with black? ›
Indigo + Black
Black is an intense shade that lends a sense of drama, luxury, and grandeur to a space. Paired with indigo, the dark shades evoke a cozy, comforting, and cocooning feel that is ideal for a bedroom, as demonstrated by this space-themed scheme.
Pair it with white, pink, or soft blue, and it inspires a calming essence. Team it up with vibrant reds and yellows, and you'll instantly feel its energizing effects. Regardless of what you do with gray, you can count on the fact that it will fit in with just about any decorative style or space.What color compliments grey the most? ›
'Cool greys are best paired with cooler colour schemes, such as blue, green, and light purple, while warm greys better complement reds, oranges, and yellows. For fans of the monochrome look, incorporate different shades of grey, alongside white and black, to create depth and visual interest.Is indigo called blue Gold? ›
Woad (Isatis tinctoria) a plant of the mustard family was used for the dyeing purposes in Europe long before indigo was detected. The dye which was obtained from this plant was inferior in quality than indigo. Thus the importance of indigo became prominent which led to it being named as “The Blue Gold”.
Prussian Blue (the real thing PB27) is a beautiful, deep & 'rich' color… quite different from Indigo. I hope you can try it out some time too.What 3 colors Cannot be mixed together? ›
Primary colors include red, blue and yellow. Primary colors cannot be mixed from other colors. They are the source of all other colors.What color attracts the human eye most? ›
Red and orange seem to be the clear winner when it comes to eye-catching colors. These colors tend to stand out and are therefore used on many warning signs or safety equipment. Yellow is another color that comes in a close second to red and orange in popularity.What is the rarest favorite color? ›
Yellow is the least favorite color, preferred by only five percent of people. Another interesting survey finding: both men and women increasingly dislike orange as they age!What is Shibori indigo? ›
Shibori is a traditional Japanese method of dyeing fabric (traditionally with indigo) after folding and binding the fabric in particular ways to reveal really beautiful patterns. Indigo dye comes from the Indigofera plant, that along with the cotton plant, originated in Africa over 150 million years ago.Is Shibori only indigo? ›
Shibori fabrics are traditionally dyed with indigo, but the term shibori simply refers to the physical processes applied to the fabric before dyeing, not the colour.Can you make dye with false indigo? ›
Historical Uses of False Indigo
While indigo-dyed blue jeans rose into fashion in the late 1800s, early American settlers—and Native Americans before them—used False Indigo as a dye to achieve blue coloring for both garments and artwork.
Indigo is a gender-neutral name of English and Greek origins that is sure to match baby's rich, vibrant soul. Coming from the Greek word Indikon, which translates to “from India,” indigo is a deep blue color that has a touch of purple in its hue.What is the rarest color of all? ›
Blue is one of the rarest of colors in nature. Even the few animals and plants that appear blue don't actually contain the color.Why was indigo an expensive color? ›
Only a few centuries back, this mysterious dyestuff was so exclusive that only royalty and the aristocracy could afford it. It was imported with great difficulty from far-off colonies, which earned indigo a status similar to that of tea, coffee, silk or even gold.
- step 1 - indigo powder. Empty the contents of the indigo packet into the bucket. ...
- step 2 - wet the indigo. ...
- step 3 - add water. ...
- step 4 - add a base to make the solution alkaline. ...
- step 5 - add fructose to reduce. ...
- step 6 - let it sit. ...
- step 7 - wait at least 3 days. ...
- step 8 - test the dye.
Since Indigo powder is a blue dye, applying it directly to your hair will leave an intriguing blue tint. However, to get darker shades like brown, auburn or black, you need to prime your hair with Henna treatment before using indigo powder.What color code is #777? ›
Kawasaki Lime Green - Quart - Paint Code 777.What color is color RGB 255 255 255? ›
White: RGB(255,255,255)What hex color is #666? ›
#666 is a DARK GRAY. #AAA is a light LIGHT GRAY. NOTE! Always remember to put in the # symbol when specifying color numbers.What colour is indigo in the rainbow? ›
Typically, indigo is described as being about halfway between blue and violet. Most people seem to agree that indigo is closer to a deep or dark blue than it is a more purple or violet color, but there's still debate even about this!What is the color of 1111? ›
|4–7||Foreground character colors||0000 = Black 0001 = Blue 0010 = Green 0011 = Cyan 0100 = Red 0101 = Magenta 0110 = Brown 0111 = White 1000 = Gray 1001 = Light blue 1010 = Light green 1011 = Light cyan 1100 = Light red 1101 = Light magenta 1110 = Yellow 1111 = High intensity white|
Dark charcoal / #333333 / #333 Hex Color Code.What color is #444444? ›
The hexadecimal color code #444444 / #444 is a medium dark shade of gray. In the RGB color model #444444 is comprised of 26.67% red, 26.67% green and 26.67% blue. In the HSL color space #444444 has a hue of 0° (degrees), 0% saturation and 27% lightness.What color is made up of the following RGB combination 255255255? ›
To display black, set all color parameters to 0, like this: rgb(0, 0, 0). To display white, set all color parameters to 255, like this: rgb(255, 255, 255).
The color blue with hexadecimal color code #0000ff / #00f is a shade of blue-magenta. In the RGB color model #0000ff is comprised of 0% red, 0% green and 100% blue. In the HSL color space #0000ff has a hue of 240° (degrees), 100% saturation and 50% lightness. This color has an approximate wavelength of 464.2 nm.What is the RGB for tan skin? ›
The hex code for tan is #D2B48C. In RGB, it comprises R: 210, G: 180, and B: 140, and is closely related to beige (hex #F5F5DC), brown (#964B00), and nude (#E3BC9A). Tan is a lighter hue of brown; brown is made by mixing either red, black, and yellow or red and green.What color is #00000000? ›
Information about Black / #000000
Black has a hue angle of 0 degrees, a saturation of 0% and a lightness of 0%.
This Rosco E-Colour #111 Dark Pink 48" x 25' Roll is part of a comprehensive system of European color filters for film and video production.What color is #00ff00? ›
|Category||green (light green)|
|RGB||R 0 G 255 B 0 RGB (0, 255, 0) copy to clipboard|
|HSL||H 120 S 1 L 0.5|
|CMYK||C 100% M 0% Y 100% K 0%|
|Usage of green||The color #00ff00 is a great light shade. Is it suitable for text, buttons or backgrounds? Read usage recommendations ...|
A variety of plants have provided indigo throughout history, but most natural indigo was obtained from those in the genus Indigofera, which are native to the tropics, notably the Indian Subcontinent. The primary commercial indigo species in Asia was true indigo (Indigofera tinctoria, also known as I.